Monday, August 11, 2014

The Chinese Bubishi - a reference

While this video shows the book, I am not suggesting buying a copy as it is in Japanese.
An interesting reference to the Chinese text “The Bubushi” as opposed to the Okinawan book of the same name is found in the Big Blue Ueichi book “The Uechi-Ryu Karate-Do Master Text  A Historical Perspective  During the Reign of  Uechi-Ryu”
 An  Unofficial Translation By David W. Smith
            Next we shall cover the Bubishi [Wu‑pei chih]
      In China there was a document known as the Heiho Sho or The Art of War Record. In the above-mentioned Kikishinsho which was an era of military writing and recording the Heihosho and the Kikoshinsho were two bright jewels during this era and were used extensively as guides for military planners.
      The author as of this publication knew that the Bubishi opened up a new era in the year 1621. Boengi the supposed author of the Bubishi during the opening of the Ming era was there during most military preparedness exercises, which involved the martial arts. Even though this era was a troubled one it moved on. The main point here is to explain some of the records surrounding this document and how it was brought to light. Some time after this edited version was released were many commentaries  on some of the earlier claims on certain other arts and their validity.
      The Bubishi by Boengi’s was established as a valid military record of war or strategists or planners. Another individual Bokon who was a Fukien government envoy who was Boengi's grandfather was also a renowned military planner during many campaigns and had much input to the Bubishi.
      He was also known for his many private seminars he gave to many soldiers on the art of war When Boengi was 15 years of age he had already finished the Bubishi which was in (5) sections encompassing 240 volumes and was broken down follows:
Section 1           Heiketsuhyo (Comments on Secret Soldiers
                 Vol's 1‑18)
Section 2        Senryaku (Strategy Treatise Vol's 19‑51)
Section 3           Chinrensei (Experience of the Training
                 System Vol's 52‑92)
Section 4           Gunshi (Information on Material War
                 Reserves Vol's 93‑147)
Section 5           Sendo (Extent and Effect of Occupation
                 Operations Vol's 148‑240)
      These are but general classifications but of interest are the Senjin To & Chiju or Battle Plan Map, which detail the Martial Arts, Guns or Armaments in the form of illustrations. These were detailed in the ancient and modern soldiering.
                     ‑ Kobushi ‑
      In literature it is difficult to explain the laws that surround the use of the fist. There is great power inherent in the use of these laws surrounding the fist and its peculiar techniques. One of the basic laws is the understanding of nature.
      However, to write details on this is difficult. It is something that has to be experienced rather that written about. The idea though is one of peace and harmony. The other is justice and righteousness. One must meditate on the fist and its properties. All of mans avaricious must be eliminated in order for the fist way to work properly. One must know when to draw the line in its use and methods.
      One must never rush headlong into this idea of the fistway. Its like riding a wild horse it takes time to tame the mind, body, and spirit and harnessing the influences in order to make this system work. There is good information in the Kiki Shinsho about Kobushi‑Ho. It also warns against imitating any of basics, models or influences. It takes serious study to master these techniques and their ways.
      This is especially so when in battle. One must always keep a fluidity or harmony with the hands and feet. When one enters a school to learn the fist way the main point stressed is one must have extensive knowledge of body basics. The fist way is convenient but with without learning the proper basics one will achieve nothing. I also believe that the leg law is under rated and more emphasis should be place on its techniques. The legs for example or used to repel and used with discretion.
      The thighs and its uses with the rest of leg must also be understood as they apply to offensive/defensive techniques. The mysteries of the earth or nature must be understood and how the interplay with the fist and the leg. The strength one must develop in order to pierce or penetrate with the hand or foot is very important to develop and used properly.
      Techniques like the horizontal and vertical hand strikes and their basics are paramount in this style. These techniques will serve the user well if used properly. The selection of a hand technique and its uses whether hard or soft righteous or flash techniques is very important especially when applying different power techniques with the strike so one must have intimate knowledge of power and its influences in order to deal with a variety of opponents. Re‑direction of another influence in non‑concordance hangs in the balance here.
      The names, minuteness to detail and the names of these movements may appear strange but they have a purpose.  The timing is important here especially before and after the strike. Also the idea of quietude is important to master.  These techniques can even be practiced in the dark.  Those who emit negativity will be seen in their Wa whether it is light or dark.
      This negativity can be identified and used against an opponent.  One must no and practice the basics well.  Once the meaning is understood of the basics then the development of the spirit can begin.  One must shun the mundane and once this is done the techniques will follow, as they should.  One must both sides of the coin of Kobushi-Ho the light and dark sides. The righteous way can be very fast like a thunderbolt.  But one must not stumble or be clumsy along the way.  Never over extend ones talents.  Always mask your intent with your Wa or spirit even while on the edge.  The improper assession of a situation can be reason for failure.  This is especially so when one goes into a situation with poor planning or fore thought.  Negativity must be eliminated.
      In order for a technique or an attack to be successful one must stand tall in the face of adversity, study under a good teacher and possess the standard basics required of good techniques which commanded esteem among fellow students, seniors, and teachers alike.  This will enable the adept to expand his thought processes.  Many people who want to learn cannot because they try to hard.  One ceases to learn or try then the insight will manifest itself.  That was how it was taught in the old days.  Even in the Sung era the (32) ways of the fist had to be properly learned.  The monkey fist is the luring fist.  The influences it takes to properly learn this fist way is very difficult therefore one must study long and hard to master these techniques.
      Of the 36 techniques, which comprise they Way (24) of the techniques were discarded.  But after a while they were re-looked at and for possible re-introduction into the
system again (8) of these techniques were flashing
or guarding techniques and (11) of them are short strike
techniques.  Then there are the backbone or red techniques
which consist of (8) techniques.  The techniques were used to strengthen the backbone.  There are several other techniques i.e., East Mountain Technique, Plum Technique, Semi-Heavenly Technique plus several thigh or leg techniques.  There were also bird techniques emulating the hawk, which were used for arresting and capturing an enemy. 
      Of the thousands of techniques some granted are better than others but they are all based on virtuous or righteous ideals in Shorin-ji and can be thought of as a three cornered style supported by three pillars.  When these come together anything is possible.   The spear laws also play an important role in this theory.  It was almost as important as the fist way. However, each possession had its price.  Each instructor had basics in most other arts but only placed priority on one.  It appeared they had knowledge of many things but not in anything particular this was the ultimate deception for most and that his how they hid their talents and their way.  To possess something
was to have nothing according to the Tao.  Study under
an approved teacher in order to see the real way. 
      This way students were taught properly in an correct environment.  The idea of negativity was also an important issue taught by the teachers to the students.  Errors can surface during training and combat that can detract one from the problem at hand.  This could prove to be fatal.  When the student is young it is important to instill the right virtues.  That is why a mountain area is conducive to training a body proper. When training amidst nature one can learn many things.  By learning the snake positions one can learn these principles inherent in nature.  The snakes attacked is predicated on two fronts the head and the tail.  Either one can inflict or entrap its prey.

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